Hemorrhoid, when treated during OPD, may be termed as hemorrhoid ligation. In this, a rubber band is used, to block the blood circulation at the hemorrhoid mass. Once the blood circulation stops, hemorrhoid eventually dries off and sheds. Within a span of a week’s time, the hemorrhoids are nowhere to be seen.
The procedure is easy to the extent; it may be performed in an ambulance as well. There is no pain during the treatment. Yes, of course, post surgery, it takes a lot of time to recover, but with ligation, the time taken to recover is lesser. The success rate is said to be almost 60%-80%.
Hemorrhoid Ligation is a simple, easy and safe way to adopt. The pros associated with it, are mentioned below:-
- Morbidity is limited
- The results are good
- It is an effective treatment
- Patients too opt for it well
There are times when the patients are anemic. The excessive blood flow only deteriorates their health. For situations like these, ligation is the best option.
Points of Concern:
There are some points of concern, which must be kept in mind while going in for hemorrhoid ligation. They are mentioned below:-
- If the patient is using anticoagulants, he/she must be dealt with caution
- If there is septic in the region, care must be taken
- If there is severe thrombosis, stay cautious
- If the hemorrhoids are of grade IV, ligation will be challenging to perform
- In the case of hypertrophied anal papilla, prevention is better than cure
- Absence of sufficient tissue, will not let the ligation results be good
Post ligation – What to Expect?
Hemorrhoids are not same for everyone. Cases are different with different patients. Once the patient goes through this procedure, there are certain things to expect, they are:-
- Pain will disappear within 24-48 hours. Yet, if the pain persists, sitting in the shallow but with warm water, may reduce the discomfort. Do this for 15 minutes at least.
- Before and after the ligation process, aspirin or any other drug should not be taken. This may hamper the effectiveness of the process.
- Bleeding may continue for 7-10 days post ligation/surgery. The bleeding is usually not too much but good enough to make you uncomfortable. It stops on its own, you need not worry.
It is best to consume fiber-rich and stool softening diet. This will keep the patient better and healthy. If care is not taken, this may trigger the emergence of hemorrhoids once again.
There are real rare side effects, they are listed below:-
- At times, ligation has to be performed in areas where there are pain sensors. They may be tough for the patients as one cannot consume painkillers as well.
- Anus bleeds for a while and this can be frustrating
- Patient may have difficulty in urinating
- There might be some infection in the anal area
Hemorrhoids can be real painful and very irritating, but, they are not tough to be treated. Rather it is very easy to treat them.
Though there are many ways to remove them from their root, yet it is best to treat them on time, else they may become very severe. There are many ways like topical treatment, through ointments and ligation and surgery as the last option.
Eat healthily and sleep well to keep hemorrhoids at bay.